Collecting Antique Chinese Porcelain

Introduction to collecting antique Chinese porcelain and ceramics. This site also contains useful information and tips for collecting Chinese antiques in general.

Establishing a collection of Chinese porcelain requires not only antiques related knowledge, it makes it also necessary to learn a lot of peripheral things as, for example, the ability to recognize fakes. This is especially true with Chinese porcelain. This site provides basic information on genuine and fake antiques from China. It shall enable the prospective collector to make more informed decisions in view to Chinese antiques.

Budai - the laughing Buddha

Actually, the better we understand the issues involved the more we realize how much more knowledge antique Chinese porcelain requires.

Experienced collectors of Chinese
ceramics are often specialized on the ceramics produced during a few dynasties. Due to the vast space and time in which Chinese ceramics were produced, there is no expert who knows all about Chinese porcelain.

These pages provide tips and information to the beginning collector of antique Chinese porcelain.

They also give collectors some information regarding the identification of Chinese characters found in antique porcelain marks.
Authenticity problems associated with porcelain and pottery from China
require the attention of both, the new and the experienced collector.
Some light will be shed on Chinese commercial practices as compared to
western purchasing attitudes, and why fakes are proliferating.

First things first:

Definition of 'antique' Chinese porcelain?

This site concerns 'antique' porcelain. Vintage or other 20th century items are not included. Our definition of antique Chinese porcelain follows to some extent customary practice in the Far East:
(1) An antique must show porcelain age signs.
(2) It must originate either in the early republic, Qing or Ming dynasties, or earlier.
The question is what is considered "early republic" period? We usually consider anything made after the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) during the 1910s or 20s as early republic, thus for us it ends 1930. Anything produced later is qualified as "vintage".

The content of this site concerns only hand-painted porcelain. Printed porcelain or transfer wares are not included.

Chinese Porcelain

Range of this site

The content on this site concerns only antique porcelain. The information you find here is neither related to vintage nor more recent Chinese porcelain.
All information relates to antiques from imperial times up to the early republic (up to around 1930). This is also valid for marks, etc.

The site follows the Chinese habit of classifying antique porcelain according to the type or style of the decoration -- as the last dynasty ended the old porcelain decoration methods continued to be used for a considerable time. 

Antique Chinese porcelain made during the early republic period frequently shows similar traits as that made during imperial times. This is the main reason that early republic items often are classified as antiques.

Peranakan porcelain

Difference between Chinese porcelain and other Chinese ceramics

It can be a bit difficult to understand the difference between porcelain and other wares in the case of Chinese ceramics. This is especially the case in the land and language where porcelain was first produced. Frequently all types of glazed ceramics are called "porcelain" in Chinese.

The Chinese language and culture differentiates between porcelain and earthenware only. Stoneware, for example, is a new concept introduced from abroad. It is hardly known in China.
Click here
to see a Chinese definition of porcelain.

Marks and Identification

Don't try identifying antique Chinese porcelain via its mark! If you are new to Chinese antiques and are here to identify some items via their marks, then do yourself a favor and read the mark comparison page first.

The marks found on antique Chinese porcelain served a completely different purpose than the marks on European porcelain. They were not used as trademarks or logos, which could serve dating, or the identification of the actual manufacturer.
Therefore, it is generally futile to try identifying the age or source of your item via the mark. This is only possible with some newer Chinese porcelain made in the later 20th century.

Age and dating method

The western method of dating antique Chinese porcelain by centuries has advantages, but also some disadvantages. Periods or eras mentioned in this site for age/dating follow mostly the imperial or reign year method. The single periods are given in the tables of the Ming and Qing emperors.
(See menu on the left. )

Chinese porcelain - an overview

For an overview of the development of Chinese Porcelain as it was influenced by China's economy and the trends of overseas markets, read here.

During the Song, Yuan and early Ming dynasties (10th - 16th centuries) much, if not most of porcelain production was export oriented. Domestically used porcelain was basically the same as those exported. Only in the 16th century porcelain started to be made or designed specifically for emerging overseas markets. In the Qing dynasty this went a step further - some Chinese porcelain was exclusively made for export, that was not used at all in China itself.



No time to read all the information on this site?
Read the important details in PDF format. All content is
streamlined and reduced to the bare essentials for your convenience.


For any unknown terms, please refer to the Glossaries of antique Chinese porcelain terms.

Ancient China Trade

Porcelain Making in Pictures


imperial porcelain quality

Imperial Quality Porcelain


Scientific Authentication

Home » Chinese Porcelain

Access more information

Porcelain age signs as seen in Chinese ceramics
Porcelain age signs indicative of the age of china porcelain and ceramics
Pottery Marks on Chinese Ceramics
Early pottery marks on earthenware and porcelain
Novice Collector of Chinese Porcelain
Tips for the novice collector of Chinese porcelain
Chinese zodiac signs
Chinese zodiac signs in different cultures - why their names differ
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